Parma: [Giambattista Bodoni for] Regia typographia, 1775.
A very fine copy. “The book is one of the finest anatomies of the eighteenth century because of its excellent illustrations and comprehensive commentary.” (Heirs of Hippocrates). It is also one of the rarest of the few medical books printed at the celebrated Bodoni Press in Parma, as well as one of the few medical books issued by a private press.
❧Norman 1888; Garrison-Morton 399.1; Heirs of Hippocrates 788; Pincus 248.
“Santorini was generally acknowledged as the outstanding anatomist of his time. Many corrections and discoveries in the detailed anatomy of the different organs of the human body go back to Santorini. Even today a facial muscle (risorius), a pair of cartilages (comicula) of the larynx, the emissary veins of the skull, and a part of the superior and inferior turbinates of the ethmoid are named after Santorini.
The work belongs to the best of its time, not only as regards the dissections and illustrations, but also as to the very elaborate commentary. Of the 21 plates 17 are by Santorini, two of the last four plates belongs to the anatomist Giovanni Battista Covoli, who was drowned, in 1768, in his youth. The other two plates belongs to the editor, Michael Girardi (1731 - 1797), a professor of anatomy in Parma, who also wrote the commentary to Santorini’s plates, thus carrying out Covoli’s plans. using, in part, posthumous writings of both Santorini and Covoli. All the 21 plates are done with a light crayon effect which, however, does not impair the anatomic clarity of the prints, but even brings out well the differences in the tissues. The unsigned plates were drawn by Giovanni Battista Piazetta (1682 - 1754). A woman, Florentia Marcella, engraved Santorini’s plates under his personal supervision. Girardi’s two plates are signed and were drawn by IgnazioGasparetti and engraved by Giuseppe Patrini. The pictures deal with the facial muscles, the base and other parts of the brain, the organs of smell and hearing, the pharynx, the breasts, the heart, the diaphragm with the beginning of the thoracic duct, the stomach, the liver, the intestines, the pancreas, the ileocecal valve, the bladder, the muscles of the perineum, and the genitals. Covoli’s plates represent the breasts, the tunics of the testicle and a six months’ fetus.” (Hagelin, Rare and Important Medical Books, pp. 112-113).
Folio (325 x 235 mm), pp. , i-xxxv , 1-217  and 42 beautifully engraved plates, contemporary half vellum, marbled baords, a very fine and fresh copy, entirely unrestored. Rare in such good condition.